Developing an Observation Instrument for the Implementation of Montessori Practices


Well-designed research requires precise definitions of the objects of study. This can be difficult with Montessori education in particular because the Montessori name is not legally protected and any school can use the term in their name regardless of the degree to which they follow the principles of the Montessori philosophy. Researchers wishing to draw conclusions about any aspect of Montessori education must describe the practices implemented in the environments they study, so the objective of this project is to develop a psychometrically sound classroom observation instrument capturing the implementation of Montessori practices allowing researchers to account for the variability in Montessori environments in their analysis.